Conservation of Species

One in every four animal species on this planet are threatened with extinction due to habitat loss / degradation, overexploitation, pollution, diseases, invasive alien species, increasing human population and the threat of climate change. The approach taken to conserve biodiversity has historically centered on saving the habitat and, indirectly, protect native species live in the environment (in situ).

However, so much pressure on the species present, means that all options are worth considering, including managing intensively in zoos and breeding centers (ex situ).

YPAL believe that the crisis is a rare species could be better addressed through a more cooperative effort involving many institutions and expertise to study the endangered species as a priority for conservation.

Until now the conservation of species has not been an entry point for the preservation of the ecosystem, sometimes even ignored.

Conservation programs are built YPAL types based on species conservation as a key entrance to the improvement of ecosystem and global environment.

PROJECT GARUDA The Conservation effort of the Javan Hawk-eagle and its habitat At Mt. Burangrang -Tangkuban Perahu Nature reserve West Java Indonesia
Program duration: 01 April 2002 sd 31 October 2003

Deskription :
Project Garuda is a follow-up program of Javan Hawk-eagle research by YPAL (Indegenous Nature Conservation Society) cooperated with Himbio (Biology Student Association) of Padjadjaran University since 1998 at Southern West Java. This project is part of Recovery Plan implementation that had been established by Javan Hawk-eagle Conservation Working Group (KKPEJ). It had involved 65 volunteers mostly were college students, also Panaruban community at Cicadas Village, Subang Regency. Those volunteers were much involved on monitoring, held environmental education and radio broadcasting, and also on Javan Hawk-eagle breeding behaviour monitoring in its own nest. This project was conducted for 18 months since April 2002 until October 2003. This report explains Javan Hawk-eagle research result and conservation efforts for this bird and its habitat at Mount Burangrang and Tangkuban Perahu Nature Reserve area, West Java Ė Indonesia. The research was conducted involving Javan Hawk-eagle habitat and breeding behaviour study and brief study about community and forest relationship. The conservation efforts was conducted especially to increase community awareness, both who live in the forest periphery or in the urban to joint together for Javan Hawk-eagle rescuing and its habitat.

Goal :
Project Garuda canít be done well without support from many parties, such as opinion, skill, time, material or even enthusiasm support. During project planning preparation, we did some illuminate discussion series. We are delighted to thank to Mr. Wahyu Raharjaningtrah, Mr. Iwan Setiawan, Mr. Muchamad Muchtar, Mr. Resit Sozer, Mr. Johan Iskandar Phd and Mr. Ridwan Soleh, also to Mr. Hiroshi Kaneda for their critics and suggestion kritik along preparation, even continued during project implementation. Also Mrs. Budiawati Supangkat Phd for her suggestions had been given for environmental education implementation. Perhaps itís all just planning if we didnít get financial support and research permit on implementation. We are very pleased and thankful to BirdLife International, Beyond Petroleum and Fauna & Flora International to support our program through BP Conservation Award. We also thank to PILI-NGO Movement who trusted us using their fund for camera surveillance improvement on Javan Hawk-eagle behaviour study in its nest. Research permission was also easy to get of the kindness from Head of Nature Resources Conservation Bureau (BKSDA) I West Java, Head of Regional I BKSDA I, West Java, Forest Public Company III (Perum Perhutani III) West Java and Plantation Public Company (PTPN) VIII Ciater. And we thanks for area management parties for their trustees for us to conduct activities in their own area.

Types of Bird Survey. in Rawa Marga Aji Tulang Bawang, Lampung
Program duration: 28 June 2000 sd 06 July 2000

Deskription :
The forest and swamp Tulang Bawang strived to maintain, to the Community Foundation for Biological Indonesia make the region a rescue program with the community. -To support the rescue program takes the information potential of the flora, fauna and other aspects bekaitan with the rescue efforts. -The potential in fauna survey in 1994, especially regarding the existence avifaunanya by WI (formerly AWB), but developments over the last five years many changes, so it is necessary to re-survey on the condition of the fauna at this time.

Goal :
The purpose of this activity is to conduct surveys of potential fauna in the forests and swamps Tulang Bawang, while the goal is: 1.For an inventory of the types of birds 2.Untuk inventory of other animals (mammals, reptiles, primates) 3.For the exchange of fauna inventory techniques with the community The expected results 1.Data presence of bird species 2.Data presence of other animals (mammals, primates, reptiles) 3.Kesetaraan the fauna inventory techniques to the Tulang Bawang

Survey on distribution, population and conservation effort of Java Sparrow and Black-winged Starling
Program duration: 10 September 1998 sd 15 June 1999

Deskription :
The project was started out on last October 1998 with the preparation as scheduled before on proposal. The preparation was including the gathering of maps of survey areas and tools and expert consultancy. This also was including of government permits from Indonesian Institute of Science and Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation of Department of Forestry and Estate. The team was growing with 2 persons before, now has 3 persons with a number of students as volunteers. The field survey and monitoring of trade has been commencing since October 1998. The locations that have been surveyed are: a part of Garut (West Java), Yogyakarta (Central Java) and bird markets in Bandung and Semarang.

Goal :
In Garut County, we surveyed the Northern and Southern Garut on last November till early December 1998 and March 1999. We only found Java Sparrow at Citiis of Northern Garut 3 and 5 individuals. Leuweung Sancang Nature Reserve of Southern Garut, both of Java Sparrow and Black-winged Starling are absent. In Yogyakarta, we surveyed Candi Prambanan, Ambarawa, Banyuwiru and Ngongap coast on October 1998 with only one Java Sparrow individual recorded at Candi Prambanan. In Bandung bird markets since October until Pebruary we investigated regularly at least 1 visit in a month, we recorded 10 individuals Java Sparrow and 1 Black-winged Starling in average per visiting respectively. In Semarang on October and November 1998, we recorded one Black-winged Starling and about 24-100 Java Sparrow. ē The points of activity will be held Field survey for other part of Garut, Cikepuh Nature Reserve, Nusa Kambangan, Gn Beser, Malang and Surabaya (East Java) and Bali. The making of awareness material are still in progress.

Status, Distribution, Population, Ecology and Conservation of Javan Hawk-eagle Spizaetus bartelsi Stresemann, 1924. On Southern West Java Indonesia.
Program duration: 02 March 1998 sd 30 June 1999

Deskription :
The Javan Hawk-eagle Spizaetus bartelsi is threatened species on Endangered category, and its current population is considerably very scarce. Therefore, the conservation efforts are urgently equired considering declining of population. Limited data on this least known raptor in the world are still an obstacle in the conservation efforts of this species. Low public awareness to support the bird conservation efforts in general, and Javan Hawk-eagle conservation in particular, is another important weakness. During fifteen months (March 1998 - June 1999) Yayasan Pribumi Alam Lestari (YPAL) in collaboration with Himpunan Mahasiswa (HIMBIO) Universitas Padjadjaran has conducted the project research of the Javan Hawk-eagle at some observational sites on Southern West Java. The aim of this program is to collect and fit out data of bio-ecological of the Javan Hawk-eagle and to increase the public awareness for Javan Hawk-eagle conservation. The program has resulted additional data on distribution and population of Javan Hawk-eagle at 15 new distributional records. Locations in where Javan Hawk-eagle occurred are mostly found on elevation between 25-2400 m asl with estimated population of 59-75 pairs in all surveyed area. During surveys, nine breeding pairs were successfully identified that describing the hatching period on April-November. The study has also recorded several preys including eight species of small mammals, three species of birds, and three species of reptiles. A number of behaviours and its variants on eaglet were observed. The behaviour is categorised into five main categorises (resting, moving, feeding, calling and other behaviour) which is growing imultaneously with morphological development and affected by parental care.

Goal :
- Javan Hawk-eagle had been successfully identified in 22 locations were fifteen locations of those was new distribution record; - This species distributed from the coast to 2400 m asl with most frequency record on elevation between 500-1000 m asl.; - The survey recorded 82-100 individuals or approximately 38-42 pairs of contacted and estimation number of population is 59-75 pairs in all surveyed area; - The eaglet of Javan Hawk-eagle on 8-30 weeks age has gradually behaviour development i.e sluice moving from the nest until the prey hunting (killing) and all those behaviour are divided to the six main behaviours development of the eaglet.; - The behaviour is categorised in to five main categorises (resting, moving, feeding, calling etc.) which is growing simultaneously with morphological development and affected by parental care; - The study has also recorded several preys including eight species of small mammals, three species of birds, and three species of reptiles; - The breeding season of this species is recorded on April to November and assumed it is along the year; - Javan Hawk-eagle is frequently seen at natural forest rather than other habitat types. The high percentage of contact in natural forest is showing the high dependence of species to the natural forest; - The Javan Hawk-eagle's nest has been detected in natural forest on the emergent trees on the slope of 30-800 mean while vegetation strata around nest face are divided into five stratum, on location the Javan Hawk-eagle nesting on - The occurrence of Javan Hawk-eagle and its habitat has been seriously threatened by human activities such as forest encroachment, poaching, and illegal trade. Natural disasters that occurred in the Javan Hawk-eagle habitat were fires and landslides.

Status, Distribution and Population of Sulawesi Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus lanceolatus) on Sulawesi, INDONESIA
Program duration: 31 December 1969 sd 31 December 1969

Deskription :
Indonesia has 5 (five) species of Spizaetus i.e. Changeable Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus), Javan Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), Sulawesi Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus lanceolatus), Blythís Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus alboniger) and Wallaceís Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus nanus), two of them are endemic to Indonesia i.e. Javan Hawk-eagle and Sulawesi Hawk-eagle (Andrew, 1992). Sulawesi Hawk-eagle has a near-threatened status (Collar et al., 1994), protected by Indonesian law and endemic to Sulawesi. Very limited information were collected and very little known of its status, distribution and population as well as its ecology. It is very important to study all the family relating to genus Spizaetus, especially for the endemics. The Javan Hawk-eagle study are on going and is already figured of its status, distribution, population and few information of its ecology, but the Sulawesi Hawk-eagle is still little known. To improve understanding of genus Spizaetus, the study of status, distribution and population of Sulawesi Hawk-eagle is important and extremely needed. During this survey we are going to increase the local people awareness by semi-structure interview about the Sulawesi Hawk-eagle and hopefully can open their eyes that this Hawk-eagle is unique and important, that why it need to conserve immediately. Another reason to conserve Sulawesi Hawk-eagle that because this Hawk-eagle is an indicator for a good environment as its habitat requirement. Sulawesi forest now is in heavy disturbances as reported by Cahyadin (1996) and Setiawan (1997).

Goal :
The aim of the project is to improve understanding of genus Spizaetus in Indonesia. The objectives of the project are: a.To identify of status, distribution and population of Sulawesi Hawk-eagle, b.To describe habitat and its disturbances c.To increase the community awareness to conserve the Hawk-eagle. The expected results of the project are: 1.Knowledge and information of status, distribution and population of Sulawesi Hawk-eagle 2.Knowledge of disturbances forcing the Sulawesi Hawk-eagle 3.Comparing information of the Indonesian endemic Hawk-eagle 4.Establishing the Hawk-eagle networking with local ngo's and scientists 5.Recommendation of Sulawesi Hawk-eagle conservation action and follow up researches.

Copyright © 2012 Yayasan Pribumi Alam Lestari